The topic of battery cells for electric cars and their production is a contradictory one. On the one hand, it is always said that the Asian suppliers have such a big technological lead and can manufacture the electricity storage units so cheaply that it is not worthwhile to have our own European cell production. This was one reason, for example, why Bosch turned down its efforts in this regard in spring 2018. The Swabians shied away from the financial risk.
Germany as the center of European cell production
On the other hand, the importance of batteries for electromobility is repeatedly invoked. Even the car manufacturers name them as the most important part of an e-vehicle; not, for example, the engine(s) or the chassis. This means that we should not become too dependent on the big players from China or South Korea when it comes to battery cells. That is why a rethink is gradually taking place. Together with companies such as CATL, LG Chem and Samsung, and with the support of politicians, the European automotive industry is beginning to set up cell production facilities in Europe.
The map shows it: In the next few years, a number of plants for the production of battery cells will be built in Europe.
The plans are extensive and the first factories already exist. For example, in Wroclaw, Poland, or in Göd, Hungary. But the map shows it: Although some battery manufacturers are settling in Eastern Europe and Scandinavian locations and Great Britain are also coming into play, the production of battery cells is concentrated in Germany. If smaller locations and all announced plants are included, there are even more than the eight factories shown here.
Grünheide near Berlin: Tesla
The construction is interrupted from time to time due to various reasons, but basically the project Tesla plant in Grünheide is progressing straight ahead. In the meantime, it has also become clear that not only cars but also battery cells are to be produced at the site near Berlin. Tesla CEO Elon Musk has announced plans to build the world’s largest battery factory in Brandenburg. In the first step, the production capacity should be around 100 gigawatt hours per year. Later, it could be expanded to 250 gigawatt hours, said the announcement world champion in the fall of 2020.